As work resumes on many shut-down construction sites this week, an engineering expert is urging plant hire companies and site managers to check that their onsite machinery’s health and safety certifications are up-to-date and valid.
In his address to the nation, Prime Minister Boris Johnson urged construction workers to go back to work from. Keith Short, machinery inspection engineer at UK Risk Management & Engineering Services (UKRMES), is issuing a warning that certificates on lifting machinery may have expired on many sites during the lockdown.
Although emergency extensions have been granted during the Covid-19 pandemic, such as MOTs and first aid certificates, the law for Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) requirements remains in place.
Mr Short said that engineering inspections should remain a top priority for fully operational, reopening and closed sites.
“The construction industry is essential for both growing the economy and catering for the country’s growing population but, like other industries, it has been forced to pause many projects due the pandemic,” he said.
“Whilst some sites have stayed opened during the coronavirus shutdown, many are just starting to resume operations, and many more will follow, after the Prime Minister’s address.
“During this period of readjustment, it can be difficult to grasp what is ‘essential’ and what is ‘non-essential’ but when it comes to thorough examination and testing (TE&T) of plant and equipment, the law is clear.
“In order for sites to hit the ground running when they reopen, dutyholders need to have met their statutory obligation to ensure that work plant and equipment is maintained and is safe to use.
“TE&T is critical to ensure the safe operation of equipment and continues to be a fundamental part of the management process. Failure of machinery through deterioration can create dangerous situations, physical harm and business disruption – which is the last thing that businesses want or need when they are trying to get back on their feet.”
PUWER and LOLER regulations require equipment used at work to be suitable and safe for use, correctly installed, maintained and used, and to have suitable health and safety controls and markings. PUWER applies to all machinery, whilst LOLER only applies to lifting equipment, including 360 excavators, backhoe loaders, foreloaders, fork-lift trucks and telescopic handlers to hoists, cranes on machines, and lifting attachments. With LOLER, some extra requirements apply.
Dutyholders must have PUWER and LOLER inspections on machinery and equipment to comply with HSE Regulations, which are legal requirements.
If through an inspection or incident investigation, HSE finds that the regulations were breached or there was negligence, the dutyholder faces prosecution or significant fines.
PUWER and LOLER inspections should be undertaken by an inspector with the relevant engineering experience and knowledge.
“Construction is Britain’s second most dangerous industry to work in, with 30 people killed in 2018/19 – taking unnecessary risks is simply not an option,” said Mr Short. “During the period of lockdown, HSE has said that dutyholders should ensure inspectors have access to equipment in a timely manner, that they should consider allowing inspectors access to closed sites so that equipment is ready for when the business reopens, and to make reasonable attempts to source engineers from another provider if their usual provider cannot provide the service.
“HSE also said that dutyholders must be able to demonstrate that they have made all reasonable attempts to have the thorough examination and testing (TE&T) carried out within the required timescales.
“However, if equipment is to continue in use without TE&T, then dutyholders must assess the increased risk and take appropriate action to manage it.
“Construction workers face potentially fatal risks on a daily basis, and that is only magnified during times of upheaval, such as this. Now is certainly not the time for complacency and protecting employee safety should remain top priority.”
Mr Short highlighted that social distancing measures should not be a barrier to inspectors visiting sites and carrying out examinations.
“In this climate, it is understandable that other health and safety concerns are at the forefront of dutyholders’ and site managers’ minds and that they are reluctant to welcome visitors onsite.
“But our engineers remain committed to their duties and will be taking every care and precaution so that they can continue to carry these out.
“The health and safety of our engineers and our clients is paramount and enhanced protective measures will be taken during inspections, including the use of suitable personal protective equipment (PPE), robust cleaning procedures and social distancing.
“Managing risk is an integral part of this industry and keeping construction workers safe during this pandemic is our prime concern.”